National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP)

Overall Objective:

  • Surveys to assess the magnitude of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
  • Supply of Iodated salt in place of common salt.
  • Resurvey after every 5 years to assess the extent of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the Impact of Iodated salt.
  • Laboratory monitoring of Iodated salt and urinary iodine excretion.
  • Health education & Publicity.

Present scenario:

  • Household Iodine Survey across the state by Salt Testing Kits through ASHA.
  • Screening of Goitre among the children across the state.
  • Observation of Global IDD Prevention Day on 21st October.
  • Awareness programme will be carried out in the community level. This activity will be merged with Village Health and Nutrition Day.
  • Awareness programme conducted on different schools with the help of State Education Depatrment.
  • Training of District ASHA Programme Managers, ASHAs regarding utilization of salt testing kits in community Level.
  • Monthly review meeting during ASHA Bharosha Diwas.
  • IEC materials through electronic, print media, folk media, etc.

Impact on Health:

  • Iodine is an essential micro nutrient. It is required at 100-150 micrograms daily for normal human growth and development. The disorders caused due to deficiency of nutritional iodine in the food/diet are called Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs).
  • Goiter is only the tip of the iceberg. Iodine deficiency results in physical and mental retardation. It affects people of all ages, both sexes and different socioeconomic status. It could results in abortion, stillbirth, mental retardation, deaf-mutism, dwarfism, squint, cretinism, goiter of all ages, neuromotor defects, etc.
  • Iodine deficiency during pregnancy leads to decreased availability of iodine to the feotus. This, in turn, leads to the decreased synthesis of thyroxine, an essential hormone manufactured by the thyroid gland of the feotus. The decreased availability of thyroxine prevents the normal development of the feotal brain and body. Such feotal brain damage is permanent and irreversible and irrevocably limits intellectual growth in later years.

Goitre Screening Report 2020-21:

Total no. of Camp= 08 Nos.
Sl. No.
Name of the District
Total No. of Goitre screening (Age Group 6 to 18 Years)
Total No. of Goitre cases
1
Khowai
101
Nil
2
South Tripura
52
Nil
3
Dhalai
48
Nil
4
Unakoti
45
Nil
5
Sepahijala
250
01
6
North Tripura
121
Nil
7
Gomati
90
Nil
8
West Tripura
53
01
9
Total
760
02

Household Salt Test Kit Report:

Sl. No.
Name of the Month
Total Salt Samples Tested
Nil Iodine
Inadequate Iodine (Less than 15 ppm)
Adequate Iodine (Above than 15 ppm)
1
April 2020 to March 2021
99429
472
12205
86752
1 April
1480
72
173
1235
2 May
1935
00
149
1786
3 June
1018
02
243
773
4 July
5 August
6 September
7 October
8 November
9 December
10 January
11 February
12 March

Prevention is better than cure:

  • The simplest method to prevent the broad spectrum of IDD is to consume iodated salt daily.
  • The average consumption of iodated salt per person per day is about 100 to 150 micrograms.