National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP)

Overall Objective:

  • Surveys to assess the magnitude of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
  • Supply of Iodated salt in place of common salt.
  • Resurvey after every 5 years to assess the extent of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the Impact of Iodated salt.
  • Laboratory monitoring of Iodated salt and urinary iodine excretion.
  • Health education & Publicity.

Present scenario:

  • Household Iodine Survey across the state by Salt Testing Kits through ASHA.
  • Observation of Global IDD Prevention Day on 21st October.
  • Awareness programme will be carried out in the community level. This activity will be merged with Village Health and Nutrition Day.
  • Awareness programme conducted on different schools with the help of State Education Depatrment.
  • Training of District ASHA Programme Managers, ASHAs regarding utilization of salt testing kits in community Level.
  • Monthly review meeting during ASHA Bharosha Diwas.
  • IEC materials through electronic, print media, folk media, etc.

Impact on Health:

  • Iodine is an essential micro nutrient. It is required at 100-150 micrograms daily for normal human growth and development. The disorders caused due to deficiency of nutritional iodine in the food/diet are called Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs).
  • Goiter is only the tip of the iceberg. Iodine deficiency results in physical and mental retardation. It affects people of all ages, both sexes and different socioeconomic status. It could results in abortion, stillbirth, mental retardation, deaf-mutism, dwarfism, squint, cretinism, goiter of all ages, neuromotor defects, etc.
  • Iodine deficiency during pregnancy leads to decreased availability of iodine to the feotus. This, in turn, leads to the decreased synthesis of thyroxine, an essential hormone manufactured by the thyroid gland of the feotus. The decreased availability of thyroxine prevents the normal development of the feotal brain and body. Such feotal brain damage is permanent and irreversible and irrevocably limits intellectual growth in later years.

Prevention is better than cure:

  • The simplest method to prevent the broad spectrum of IDD is to consume iodated salt daily.
  • The average consumption of iodated salt per person per day is about 100 to 150 micrograms.
  • Monthly Salt Testing Kit Report for 2020-21:

Sl. No. Name of the Month Total Salt Samples Tested Nil Iodine Inadequate Iodine (Less than 15 ppm) Adequate Iodine (Above than 15 ppm)
1 April
16354
31
931
15392
2 May
14812
52
570
14190
3 June
28569
82
5085
23402
4 July
4158
11
468
3679
5 August
7719
01
382
7336
6 September
11888
119
2996
8773
7 October        
8 November        
9 December        
10 January        
11 February        
12 March