National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP)

Overall Objective:

  • Leprosy is a bactarial disease caused by a germ named as Mycobacterium Leprae.
  • It affects mainly the skin & peripheral nerves of the human body. Man is the definite host of the germ Mycobacterium Leprae.
  • 80% (eighty) of the disease is non-infections and 20% (twenty) is infactious in Nature.
  • Incubation period:

  • 5 to 7 years.Incubation period (longest) - may be even 40 years long.
  • Classification::

  • Paucibacillary type (non infectious type)
  • Multibasillary type (infectious type)
  • Age group:

  • Disease can occurred at any age group rarely in between 1(one) to 5 (five) years
  • Sex ratio: Male : Female= 2:1
  • Impact:

  • Distribution of Leprosy books(Pictorial)
  • Diagram shown as leprosy patients
  • Constant discussion amongst different public/Gaon Sabhas.
  • Seminars/Health Melas.
  • Banners written about the leprosy facts etc.
  • Advertisement of leprosy facts in papers (local) leading papers of Tripura.
  • Radio talk.
  • Discussion in Television set.
  • Status report of the disease:

  • The present Scenario of Leprosy is as under as on Year 2022-23: For the month of June, 2022
  • Name of the district Population Under Treatment Patient P.R/ 10,000/- Population
    West District 1062688 06 0.05
    Sepahijala District 552952 04 0.07
    Khowai District 332808 02 0.06
    Gomati District 467418 01 0.02
    South Tripura 469396 02 0.04
    Dhalai District 454283 15 0.33
    Unakoti District 309892 01 0.03
    North Tripura 464775 02 0.04
    State of Tripura 4114212 33 0.08