National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP)

Overall Objective:

  • Leprosy is a bactarial disease caused by a germ named as Mycobacterium Leprae.
  • It affects mainly the skin & peripheral nerves of the human body. Man is the definite host of the germ Mycobacterium Leprae.
  • 80% (eighty) of the disease is non-infections and 20% (twenty) is infactious in Nature.
  • Incubation period:

  • 5 to 7 years.Incubation period (longest) - may be even 40 years long.
  • Classification::

  • Paucibacillary type (non infectious type)
  • Multibasillary type (infectious type)
  • Age group:

  • Disease can occurred at any age group rarely in between 1(one) to 5 (five) years
  • Sex ratio: Male : Female= 2:1
  • Impact:

  • Distribution of Leprosy books(Pictorial)
  • Diagram shown as leprosy patients
  • Constant discussion amongst different public/Gaon Sabhas.
  • Seminars/Health Melas.
  • Banners written about the leprosy facts etc.
  • Advertisement of leprosy facts in papers (local) leading papers of Tripura.
  • Radio talk.
  • Discussion in Television set.
  • Status report of the disease:

  • The present Scenario of Leprosy is as under as on Year 2021-22: For the month of October, 2021
  • Name of the district Population Under Treatment Patient P.R/ 10,000/- Population
    West District 1054882 06 0.05
    Sepahijala District 548890 0 0.01
    Khowai District 330363 03 0.09
    Gomati District 463985 01 0.02
    South Tripura 465948 03 0.06
    Dhalai District 450946 12 0.26
    Unakoti District 307616 00 00
    North Tripura 461361 01 0.02
    State of Tripura 4083991 27 0.06