RCH is a programme for mother and child.1st phase RCH-I launched in the year 1998 & 2nd phase of RCH II commenced from 1st April 2005.Main objective of the programme is to bring about the change mainly in the three critical health indicators:-
- Reduce total fertility rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Maternal mortality ratio
With a view to realizing the outcome envisioned in the Millennium Development goal, National Population policy, and National health policy, vision 2020 India.
Component of RCH:
- Reduce the decadal rate of population
- Reduce IMR to 25/1000 live birth by 2012
- Reduce TFR to 2.1 by 2012
- Reduce MMR to less then 1/1, 00000
- Improve coverage of Institutional delivery
- Increased contraceptive use by Eligible couple
- Reduced unmet need for birth spacing
- Increased use of skilled care during childbirth.
- Better access of postnatal and newborn care.
- Improved coverage for childhood immunization.
- Improve quality coverage immunization and effectiveness of the existing Family welfare of essential RCH services
Other priority areas
- Population Stabilization
- Maternal Health
- Newborn Care
- Child Health
- Adolescent Health
- STI & RTI treatment and control
- Urban Health
- Tribal Health
Maternal Health Strategy
- Strengthening of service delivery
- Infrastructure of maintenance
- Supply of drugs and equipments
- Strengthening of health care providers
- Maternal Death Review was introduced for review all the cause of maternal death.
- Janani Sishu Suraksha Karyakram entitles all pregnant women accessing public health institutions completely free deliveries including caesarean section with zero out of pocket expenses while for new borns an assurance of completely free treatment with nil out of pocket expenses during the first 30 days of their birth besides to and fro transport.
- Early registration of pregnant women through strengthening of home visits and outreach programme including incentive to ASHAs for ensuring registration in 1st trimesta.
- Increasing full ANC duly pregnant period.
- Increasing institutional deliveries by providing basic obstratic care services.
- Improving safe delivery practice through skill birth attendant.
- Organising integrated VHND.
- Integrated RCH camps in unserved areas
- SBA trainee for SN/ANMS
- Trainee MOs for provider sterilization service for both male and female and Emergency service for contraceptive training.
- Improved implementation of JSY through the involvement of ASHA/ANW/Village camp
- Upgrade institutional infrastructure and operation therefore
- Implementation of IMNCI in the all districts through trainee of care providers.
- Improving early and exclusive best feeder practice.
- Promoting complete immunization of children by mobilization health care provider
- PPP and Joint venture initiatives for taking private practitioners.
- Safe abortion services training programme.
- Enforcement of PNDT act.
- Referral Transport Scheme for Pregnant women, Child.
- Provision of AYUSH Doctors.